The problem of over population in Indonesia is made worse by the fact that fifty percent of all Indonesians are below the age of eighteen years. Most of them are dependents. They do not earn money to support themselves and are in need of many facilities like food, medical care, clothing, education, and employment opportunities. Although a large number of them are forced to drop out of school to earn a living, the government. still has to spent a very large part of its revenue on education. Then comes the problem of creating enough jobs for every new generation of school leavers or college graduates. Although the problem of overcrowded cities is difficult to solve, there is a solution to the problem of people living in overcrowded areas of the countryside. The solution is internal migration. This means moving poor people from the countryside to different but underdeveloped parts of Indonesia, where they may work to build a new life themselves. In Indonesia, there are large and active resettlement programmes of his sort which have given a new life to thousands
1 . What is mainly discussed in the text?
A . Population problem.
B . Migration in Indonesia.
C . How to solve unemployment in Indonesia.
D . Overcrowded cities
E . A new life for thousands of people
Teks di atas menjelaskan tentang masalah kependudukan.(A)
2 . Tlae main idea of paragraph one is that ........
A . Most of the youth are jobless
B . The elderly are more than the youth
C . The youth earn money to support themselves.
D . Indonesians lack employment opportunities
E . Fifty percents of Indonesians are dependents
Pokok pikiran utruna paragraf satu adalah banyaknya anak muda yang tidak memiliki
pekerjaan alias pengangguran.(A)
3 . Which sentence is TRUE according to the text?
A . Creating enough jobs for the young is not urgent.
B . Less than fifty percent of Indonesians are dependents.
C . There is no solution to the problem of overcrowded cities.
D . The only way to solve problem of over populatlon is by internal migration.
E . Employment opporcunities cannot help solve the over population problem.
Solusi yang tepat untuk mengatasi kelebihan populasi pada suatu daerah adalah dengan
adanya pemerataan penduduk di dalam negeri.(D)
4 . " ........ government still has to spend a very large part of ........" (paragraph 1)
The meaning of the underlined word is ........
A . bring up
B . give out
C . take off
D . use up
E . take up
Spend artinya menghabiskan, use up artinya menghabiskan. (D)
5 . " ........ from the countryside to different but underdeveloped parts of Indonesia."
(paragraph l ).
The antonym of underlined word is ........
A . developing
B . developed
C . isolated
D . neglected
E . growing
Underdeveloped = terbelakang/tidak maju lawannya growing = tumbuh. (E)